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World J Orthop. Apr 18, 2014; 5(2): 124-133
Published online Apr 18, 2014. doi: 10.5312/wjo.v5.i2.124
Surgical advances in the treatment of neuromuscular scoliosis
Federico Canavese, Marie Rousset, Benoit Le Gledic, Antoine Samba, Alain Dimeglio
Federico Canavese, Marie Rousset, Benoit Le Gledic, Antoine Samba, Pediatric Surgery Department, University Hospital Estaing, 63003 Clermont-Ferrand, France
Alain Dimeglio, Faculté de Médecine, Université de Montpellier, 34000 Montpellier, France
Author contributions: Canavese F, Rousset M, Le Gledic B and Dimeglio A contributed equally to this work, designed the aim of the editorial content, generated the figures and wrote the manuscript; Samba A revised the manuscript and granted final approval to the version to be published.
Correspondence to: Federico Canavese, MD, PhD, Professor of Pediatric Surgery, Pediatric Surgery Department, University Hospital Estaing, 1 Place Lucie et Raymond Aubrac, 63003 Clermont-Ferrand, France.
Telephone: +33-4-73750293 Fax: +33-4-73750291
Received: November 29, 2013
Revised: January 8, 2014
Accepted: January 15, 2014
Published online: April 18, 2014
Core Tip

Core tip: In patients with neuromuscular disease, the likelihood and severity of the scoliosis increase with the degree of neuromuscular involvement. There is little doubt that segmental instrumentation techniques have revolutionized the care of patients with neuromuscular scoliosis by providing lasting correction and significant relief of pain and by restoring quality of life and sitting position. The state of knowledge regarding neuromuscular scoliosis is a dynamic process, and a current literature review is mandatory. The somewhat large bibliography for this subject reflects the many opinions and findings currently available.