Published online Apr 18, 2014. doi: 10.5312/wjo.v5.i2.124
Revised: January 8, 2014
Accepted: January 15, 2014
Published online: April 18, 2014
Core tip: In patients with neuromuscular disease, the likelihood and severity of the scoliosis increase with the degree of neuromuscular involvement. There is little doubt that segmental instrumentation techniques have revolutionized the care of patients with neuromuscular scoliosis by providing lasting correction and significant relief of pain and by restoring quality of life and sitting position. The state of knowledge regarding neuromuscular scoliosis is a dynamic process, and a current literature review is mandatory. The somewhat large bibliography for this subject reflects the many opinions and findings currently available.