Epidemiology of shoulder dislocations presenting to United States emergency departments: An updated ten-year study
Cole M Patrick, Michael D Eckhoff, John P Scanaliato, John C Dunn, Department of Orthopaedics, William Beaumont Army Medical Center, Fort Bliss, TX 79918, United States
Josiah Snowden, Burnett School of Medicine, Texas Christian University, Fort Worth, TX 76129, United States
Clare K Green, School of Medicine and Health Sciences, George Washington University, Washington, WA 20052, United States
Nata Parnes, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Carthage Area Hospital, Carthage, NY 13619, United States
Author contributions: Patrick CM performed the majority of the research, collected data, analyzed data, and contributed to the manuscript; Snowden J and Eckhoff MD contributed equally to this work by performing research, and contributing to the manuscript and background research; Green CK and Scanaliato JP oversaw manuscript revisions and project design; Dunn JC and Parnes N designed the research study, coordinated the research team, and oversaw final manuscript revisions; All authors have read and approve the final manuscript.
Institutional review board statement: All data used in the following manuscript are deidentified and available online through the United States Consumer Product Safety Commission.
Informed consent statement: As the study used anonymous and pre-existing data, the requirement for the informed consent from patients was waived.
Conflict-of-interest statement: We have no financial relationships to disclose.
Data sharing statement: No additional data are available.
: This article is an open-access article that was selected by an in-house editor and fully peer-reviewed by external reviewers. It is distributed in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution NonCommercial (CC BY-NC 4.0) license, which permits others to distribute, remix, adapt, build upon this work non-commercially, and license their derivative works on different terms, provided the original work is properly cited and the use is non-commercial. See: https://creativecommons.org/Licenses/by-nc/4.0/
Corresponding author: Cole M Patrick, MD, Doctor, Department of Orthopaedics, William Beaumont Army Medical Center, No. 18511 Highlander Medics St, Fort Bliss, TX 79918, United States. firstname.lastname@example.org
Received: May 19, 2023
Peer-review started: May 19, 2023
First decision: June 21, 2023
Revised: July 5, 2023
Accepted: August 15, 2023
Article in press: August 15, 2023
Published online: September 18, 2023