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Copyright ©The Author(s) 2023. Published by Baishideng Publishing Group Inc. All rights reserved.
World J Orthop. Aug 18, 2023; 14(8): 604-611
Published online Aug 18, 2023. doi: 10.5312/wjo.v14.i8.604
Fractures around the shoulder in the skeletally immature: A scoping review
Tim Kraal, Peter AA Struijs, Lisette C Langenberg, Christiaan JA van Bergen
Tim Kraal, Peter AA Struijs, Department of Orthopedic Surgery and Sports Medicine, Amsterdam University Medical Centers, Amsterdam 1105 AZ, Netherlands
Lisette C Langenberg, Department of Orthopedic Surgery, NoordWest Ziekenhuisgroep, Alkmaar 1815 JD, Netherlands
Lisette C Langenberg, Christiaan JA van Bergen, Department of Orthopedic Surgery and Sports Medicine, Erasmus University Medical Center – Sophia Children’s Hospital, Rotterdam 3015 GD, Netherlands
Christiaan JA van Bergen, Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Amphia, Breda 4818 CK, Netherlands
Author contributions: Kraal T was the primary author; Struijs PA and Langenberg LC reviewed the text and provided figures; van Bergen CJA initiated and coordinated the project, reviewed the text and provided figures.
Conflict-of-interest statement: The authors report no conflict of interest.
Open-Access: This article is an open-access article that was selected by an in-house editor and fully peer-reviewed by external reviewers. It is distributed in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution NonCommercial (CC BY-NC 4.0) license, which permits others to distribute, remix, adapt, build upon this work non-commercially, and license their derivative works on different terms, provided the original work is properly cited and the use is non-commercial. See: https://creativecommons.org/Licenses/by-nc/4.0/
Corresponding author: Christiaan JA van Bergen, MD, PhD, Surgeon, Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Amphia, Molengracht 21, Breda 4818 CK, Netherlands. cvanbergen@amphia.nl
Received: May 10, 2023
Peer-review started: May 10, 2023
First decision: June 14, 2023
Revised: June 23, 2023
Accepted: July 10, 2023
Article in press: July 10, 2023
Published online: August 18, 2023
Core Tip

Core Tip: Fractures of the clavicle and proximal humerus in children can be treated conservatively in most patients because of their large remodeling potential. The difficulty is to understand when a child is better off with surgical treatment of his/her clavicle or proximal humerus fracture. This review aims to provide a better understanding of the indications for surgical management of these fractures in the skeletally immature based on the latest literature.