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World J Orthop. Mar 18, 2022; 13(3): 238-249
Published online Mar 18, 2022. doi: 10.5312/wjo.v13.i3.238
Diagnosis, treatment and complications of radial head and neck fractures in the pediatric patient
Arno A Macken, Denise Eygendaal, Christiaan JA van Bergen
Arno A Macken, Christiaan JA van Bergen, Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Amphia Hospital, Breda 4818 CK, Noord-Brabant, Netherlands
Arno A Macken, Denise Eygendaal, Department of Orthopedic Surgery and Sports medicine, Erasmus Medical Centre, Rotterdam 3015 GD, South-Holland, Netherlands
Author contributions: van Bergen CJ coordinated the paper; Macken AA performed the literature search, wrote the initial manuscript, and prepared the tables and figures; All authors contributed to the conception and outline of the paper, and provided substantial contribution to writing, reviewing, editing, and approved the final manuscript.
Conflict-of-interest statement: All authors declare no conflict of interest for this article.
Open-Access: This article is an open-access article that was selected by an in-house editor and fully peer-reviewed by external reviewers. It is distributed in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution NonCommercial (CC BY-NC 4.0) license, which permits others to distribute, remix, adapt, build upon this work non-commercially, and license their derivative works on different terms, provided the original work is properly cited and the use is non-commercial. See: http://creativecommons.org/Licenses/by-nc/4.0/
Corresponding author: Christiaan JA van Bergen, MD, PhD, Surgeon, Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Amphia Hospital, Molengracht 21, Breda 4818 CK, Noord-Brabant, Netherlands. cvanbergen@amphia.nl
Received: May 30, 2021
Peer-review started: May 30, 2021
First decision: July 28, 2021
Revised: August 11, 2021
Accepted: February 12, 2022
Article in press: February 12, 2022
Published online: March 18, 2022
Core Tip

Core Tip: This article presents the latest evidence-based insights in pediatric proximal radius fractures. A stepwise progression of treatment is warranted, starting with closed reduction and immobilization, and progressing to more invasive measures in case of unsuccessful reduction. Open reduction with internal fixation is left as the last option due to the high risk of complications and inferior functional results.