Samuel Rosas, Anirudh Krishna Gowd, Matthew Reynolds Akelman, T David Luo, Cynthia Lynn Emory, Johannes Frank Plate, Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC 27101, United States
Michael Schallmo, Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Atrium Healthcare, Charlotte, NC 28203, United States
Author contributions: All of the authors have contributed to the final manuscript encompassed herein.
Institutional review board statement: Retrospective, HIPAA compliant database does not require IRB review.
Informed consent statement: The written informed consent was waived.
Conflict-of-interest statement: None of the authors report a conflict of interest with this paper.
Data sharing statement: Technical appendix, statistical code, and dataset available from the corresponding author at firstname.lastname@example.org
STROBE statement: The authors have read the STROBE Statement—checklist of items, and the manuscript was prepared and revised according to the STROBE Statement—checklist of items.
: This article is an open-access article that was selected by an in-house editor and fully peer-reviewed by external reviewers. It is distributed in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution NonCommercial (CC BY-NC 4.0) license, which permits others to distribute, remix, adapt, build upon this work non-commercially, and license their derivative works on different terms, provided the original work is properly cited and the use is non-commercial. See: http://creativecommons.org/Licenses/by-nc/4.0/
Corresponding author: Samuel Rosas, MD, PhD, Doctor, Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Wake Forest School of Medicine, 1 Medical Center Boulevard, Winston Salem, NC 27101, United States. email@example.com
Received: January 3, 2021
Peer-review started: January 3, 2021
First decision: March 1, 2021
Revised: March 22, 2021
Accepted: May 20, 2021
Article in press: May 20, 2021
Published online: June 18, 2021