Observational Study
Copyright ©The Author(s) 2024. Published by Baishideng Publishing Group Inc. All rights reserved.
World J Orthop. Feb 18, 2024; 15(2): 147-155
Published online Feb 18, 2024. doi: 10.5312/wjo.v15.i2.147
Limb Lengthening and Reconstruction Society orthopedic surgeons in the United States: An analysis of geographical distribution, academic, leadership, and demographic characteristics
Amir Human Hoveidaei, Reza Niakan, Seyed Hossein Hosseini-Asl, Abijith Annasamudram, Janet D Conway
Amir Human Hoveidaei, Abijith Annasamudram, Janet D Conway, International Center for Limb Lengthening, Rubin Institute for Advanced Orthopedics, Sinai Hospital of Baltimore, Baltimore, MD 21215, United States
Reza Niakan, Student Research Committee, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz 73, Iran
Seyed Hossein Hosseini-Asl, Students’ Scientific Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran 1417755331, Iran
Co-corresponding authors: Amir Human Hoveidaei and Janet D Conway.
Author contributions: Hoveidaei AH and Conway JD designed the study; Hoveidaei AH, Niakan R, Hosseini-Asl SH and Annasamudram A reviewed the data; all authors drafted the primary manuscript; Hoveidaei AH and Conway JD revised the primary draft critically; all the authors read and approve the final manuscript.
Institutional review board statement: The study was done in International Center for Limb Lengthening, Rubin Institute for Advanced Orthopedics, Sinai Hospital of Baltimore, Baltimore, Maryland, USA. It was deemed exempt by the institutional review board (IRB), as all data utilized were publicly available.
Conflict-of-interest statement: Hoveidaei AH, Annasamudram A, and Conway JD are members of Sinai Hospital of Baltimore.
Data sharing statement: Data are available on request.
STROBE statement: The authors have read the STROBE Statement—checklist of items, and the manuscript was prepared and revised according to the STROBE Statement—checklist of items.
Open-Access: This article is an open-access article that was selected by an in-house editor and fully peer-reviewed by external reviewers. It is distributed in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution NonCommercial (CC BY-NC 4.0) license, which permits others to distribute, remix, adapt, build upon this work non-commercially, and license their derivative works on different terms, provided the original work is properly cited and the use is non-commercial. See: https://creativecommons.org/Licenses/by-nc/4.0/
Corresponding author: Amir Human Hoveidaei, MD, MSc, Research Fellow, International Center for Limb Lengthening, Rubin Institute for Advanced Orthopedics, Sinai Hospital of Baltimore, 2401 West Belvedere Avenue, Baltimore, MD 21215, United States. hoveidaei.a.h@gmail.com
Received: October 30, 2023
Peer-review started: October 30, 2023
First decision: December 7, 2023
Revised: December 25, 2023
Accepted: January 19, 2024
Article in press: January 19, 2024
Published online: February 18, 2024
ARTICLE HIGHLIGHTS
Research background

This study delves into the demographic traits of Limb Lengthening and Reconstruction Society (LLRS) orthopedic surgeons in the United States, aiming to fill existing information gaps.

Research motivation

Motivated by the need to guide aspiring orthopedic professionals and promote diversity within LLRS, the research contributes valuable insights for organizational growth and inclusivity.

Research objectives

The study analyzes LLRS members’ demographic, academic, and leadership attributes to inform aspiring professionals and support future research in the orthopedic field.

Research methods

Utilizing a cross-sectional approach, the study employs various metrics, including the Hirsch index, and applies the Mann-Whitney U test for specific comparisons.

Research results

The study reveals demographic trends among 101 orthopedic surgeons, emphasizing progress in gender diversity. It underscores the dedication of LLRS members and highlights the need to address geographic disparities for improved regional care access.

Research conclusions

Concluding that gender disparities persist in leadership roles; the study calls for increased equity efforts. It also emphasizes the need for strategic improvements in regional care access, aligning with the goal of enhancing global patient care.

Research perspectives

Future research should focus on mitigating gender disparities in LLRS leadership and improving the geographic distribution of members, ensuring equitable access to limb lengthening and reconstruction expertise across diverse regions.