Published online Aug 18, 2016. doi: 10.5312/wjo.v7.i8.463
Peer-review started: February 19, 2016
First decision: March 25, 2016
Revised: April 20, 2016
Accepted: June 14, 2016
Article in press: June 16, 2016
Published online: August 18, 2016
Lateral elbow tendinopathy (LET) is a common musculoskeletal/sports injury. A plethora of physiotherapy techniques has been proposed in the management of LET. The exercise programme is the most common treatment in the management of LET. The optimal protocol of exercise programme is still unknown. The effectiveness of the exercise programme is low when it is applied as monotherapy. Therefore, exercise programme is combined with other physiotherapy modalities such as soft tissue techniques, external support, acupuncture, manual therapy and electrotherapy, in the treatment of LET. Future research is needed to determine which treatment strategy combined with exercise programme will provide the best results in LET rehabilitation.
Core tip: An effective treatment approach in the management of lateral elbow tendinopathy (LET) is an exercise programme. Exercise programme improves patients’ symptoms but the ideal exercise protocol for the management of LET is still under investigation. Exercise programme as a sole treatment approach does not respond positively in many patients with LET. Thus, physiotherapists combine exercise programme with other physiotherapy techniques like electrotherapy, manual therapy, taping/bracing and acupuncture. Research to determine which treatment approach combined with exercise programme will provide the best results in the management of LET is needed.