Starring role of toll-like receptor-4 activation in the gut-liver axis
Simone Carotti, Sergio Morini, Laboratory of Microscopic and Ultrastructural Anatomy, School of Medicine, University Campus Bio-Medico of Rome, 00128 Rome, Italy
Michele Pier Luca Guarino, Gastroenterology Unit, School of Medicine, University Campus Bio-Medico of Rome, 00128 Rome, Italy
Umberto Vespasiani-Gentilucci, Clinical Medicine and Hepatology Unit, School of Medicine, University Campus Bio-Medico of Rome, 00128 Rome, Italy
Author contributions: Carotti S, Guarino MPL and Vespasiani-Gentilucci U contributed to the literature review and wrote the paper; Morini S contributed to the study conception, made revisions and helped with writing.
Conflict-of-interest statement: The author has no conflict of interests.
Open-Access: This article is an open-access article which was selected by an in-house editor and fully peer-reviewed by external reviewers. It is distributed in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial (CC BY-NC 4.0) license, which permits others to distribute, remix, adapt, build upon this work non-commercially, and license their derivative works on different terms, provided the original work is properly cited and the use is non-commercial. See: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/
Correspondence to: Sergio Morini, MD, Laboratory of Microscopic and Ultrastructural Anatomy, School of Medicine, University Campus Bio-Medico of Rome, Via Alvaro Del Portillo, 21, 00128 Rome, Italy. email@example.com
Telephone: +39-06-225419170 Fax: +39-06-22541456
Received: May 28, 2015
Peer-review started: May 28, 2015
First decision: July 10, 2015
Revised: July 21, 2015
Accepted: October 16, 2015
Article in press: October 19, 2015
Published online: November 15, 2015