Interventional vascular radiology, embolizations
In recent years, Poul Erik Andersen’s research has been focussed on interventional vascular radiology, especially embolizations[44-62]. He and his group formed a Danish National Centre for patients with hereditary haemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT) (Mb. Osler) in which treatment of pulmonary arteriovenous malformations (PAVM) by embolization was introduced in 1996[44,45] and plays a central role in the treatment of these patients[44-47,50,54,56,58,62]. He has introduced several different embolization techniques for the embolization of PAVM, such as detachable silicone balloons, coils, microcoils, detachable coils, and vascular plugs (Figure 2). The group has also performed epidemiologic studies on HHT[44,45,48], and recently at least three genetic subtypes of HHT have been demonstrated. Poul Erik Andersen and his interventional group are also leading the treatment of uterine fibroids in Denmark using uterine artery embolization, which was introduced in 1999. Furthermore, they perform many other embolization procedures for conditions such as gastrointestinal bleeding, bleeding in trauma patients, haemoptysis, and in many tumour types.
Figure 2 Different embolization materials.
Embolization may be life saving in acute cases such as those with haemoptysis, gastrointestinal bleeding[60,61] and bleeding due to trauma. These embolization treatments are minimally-invasive techniques which, to a great extent, have substituted the corresponding conventional surgical procedures, and include the treatment of PAVM, as well as many cases of uterine fibroids, gastrointestinal bleeding, and the treatment of haemoptysis and patients with bleeding due to trauma.
Interventional radiology, angioplastics: Should this be angioplasty?
Within the field of Interventional Vascular Radiology, Dr. Andersen has been innovative and has introduced the use of percutaneous transluminal angioplastics in peripheral arteries at the Odense University Hospital in 1984, renal angioplastics in 1985[51,57], in coronary arteries (PTCA, PCI) in 1986, and peripheral vascular stents in 1991. He also introduced the first coronary stents in Denmark in 1992, the first carotid angioplastic in Denmark in 1993, and the first carotid stent implantation in Scandinavia in 1996. In addition, angioplastics in renal arteries in patients with renovascular hypertension is now the treatment of choice. He has refined these embolization techniques, including the use of microcatheters and has introduced many new embolization materials.
Dr. Andersen has published more than one hundred research papers in peer reviewed journals and book chapters, and is the author of a radiological textbook (Chest Radiology) and editor of another radiological textbook (Musculoskeletal Radiology). Dr. Andersen has presented more than one hundred papers and lectures at several Postgraduate Courses and at the Danish, Nordic, European, and World Congresses. He has been an invited speaker and has chaired and moderated at several international meetings, including the European Congresses of Radiology (ECR) in Vienna and the Annual Meetings and Postgraduate Courses of the Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiological Society of Europe (CIRSE). He is a member of the abstract reviewer group in both ECR and CIRSE and a member of the faculty for CIRSE. He was the local Meeting Chairman of CIRSE in Copenhagen in 2008 and a member of the Executive Committee and Scientific Programme Planning Committee for CIRSE.
He is a subcommittee member and has assisted in the preparation of the educational programme, abstract review and grading in the topics: “Cardiac” and “Interventional Radiology” at several European Congresses of Radiology and is Chairman of the Interventional Radiology Subcommittee 2011.
He has been a peer reviewer for several scientific journals including Danish Medical Journal (Ugeskr. Laeger), Acta Orthopaedica Scandinavica, American Journal of Medical Genetics, Acta Radiologica, European Respiratory Journal, European Radiology, European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, CardioVascular & Interventional Radiology, European Journal of Cancer, Lung, Thorax, and World Journal of Radiology as well as research grant committees.
As a leading radiologist, Dr. Andersen has received numerous awards from the Danish Society of Radiology, the Danish Heart Association, the James Polack’s Foundation, the Disabled Foundation, and Poul Lundbeck’s Foundation.
Dr. Andersen has been a lecturer at the University of Southern Denmark, Odense in Anatomy and Radiology since 1979 and since 1985 has held the position of Associate Professor at the Institute of Radiology, University of Southern Denmark, Odense and from 2011 Professor of Radiology, University of Southern Denmark, Odense.
Since 1994, he has been a member and since 2000 a Fellow of CIRSE, and has passed the European Board of Interventional Radiology - The European qualification in Interventional Radiology.
He is a member of the Danish Society of Radiology and Danish Society of Interventional Radiology, and Chairman of the Danish Society of Interventional Radiology from 2002 - 2006. He has arranged and led several postgraduate courses and scientific meetings in the Danish Society of Interventional Radiology and has held in all nine uterine fibroid embolization (UFE) Workshops at Odense University Hospital for Radiologists from Denmark, Sweden, Finland, Italy, and Holland and has given simulator training as a Proctor on UFE at the CIRSE meeting in 2010. He has had many positions in the Danish Society of Radiology and has for many years been Chairman of the Educational Committee for Radiologists. Since 2010, Dr. Andersen has been Co-Editor of World Journal of Radiology.