Published online Jun 28, 2015. doi: 10.4329/wjr.v7.i6.110
Peer-review started: January 31, 2015
First decision: February 7, 2015
Revised: March 18, 2015
Accepted: April 27, 2015
Article in press: April 29, 2015
Published online: June 28, 2015
Core tip: Multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) remains the most widely available and most effective modality for the detection and staging of renal cell carcinoma (RCC), with a staging accuracy up to 91%. MDCT scanners with the improvement of spatial resolution and the ability to obtain multiplanar and 3D-reconstructions greatly improved the diagnostic performance of CT in characterizing RCC and estimating the extent of the disease. Important information for treatment planning is provided by CT examination, including tumor location and size, renal arterial and venous anatomy and relationship to the pelvicaliceal system.