Copyright ©The Author(s) 2015. Published by Baishideng Publishing Group Inc. All rights reserved.
World J Radiol. Jun 28, 2015; 7(6): 110-127
Published online Jun 28, 2015. doi: 10.4329/wjr.v7.i6.110
Advances of multidetector computed tomography in the characterization and staging of renal cell carcinoma
Athina C Tsili, Maria I Argyropoulou
Athina C Tsili, Maria I Argyropoulou, Department of Radiology, Medical School, University of Ioannina, 45110 Ioannina, Greece
Author contributions: Tsili AC and Argyropoulou MI contributed to this paper.
Conflict-of-interest: None.
Open-Access: This article is an open-access article which was selected by an in-house editor and fully peer-reviewed by external reviewers. It is distributed in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial (CC BY-NC 4.0) license, which permits others to distribute, remix, adapt, build upon this work non-commercially, and license their derivative works on different terms, provided the original work is properly cited and the use is non-commercial. See: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/
Correspondence to: Athina C Tsili, MD, Assistant Professor, Department of Radiology, Medical School, University of Ioannina, Leoforos Panepistimiou, 45110 Ioannina, Greece. a_tsili@yahoo.gr
Telephone: +30-697-6510904 Fax: +30-265-1007862
Received: January 30, 2015
Peer-review started: January 31, 2015
First decision: February 7, 2015
Revised: March 18, 2015
Accepted: April 27, 2015
Article in press: April 29, 2015
Published online: June 28, 2015
Core Tip

Core tip: Multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) remains the most widely available and most effective modality for the detection and staging of renal cell carcinoma (RCC), with a staging accuracy up to 91%. MDCT scanners with the improvement of spatial resolution and the ability to obtain multiplanar and 3D-reconstructions greatly improved the diagnostic performance of CT in characterizing RCC and estimating the extent of the disease. Important information for treatment planning is provided by CT examination, including tumor location and size, renal arterial and venous anatomy and relationship to the pelvicaliceal system.