Published online Apr 28, 2014. doi: 10.4329/wjr.v6.i4.116
Revised: January 18, 2014
Accepted: April 11, 2014
Published online: April 28, 2014
Core tip: Screening with computed tomography (CT) recently demonstrated a mortality reduction in selected patients with lung cancer, but there are several shortcomings of screening with CT (false positive findings, high costs, radiation burden, shortage of capacity). In contrast, chest radiography could be an ideal screening tool in the early detection of lung cancer. It is widely available, its radiation burden is negligible and there is only a low rate of false positive findings. In contrast to randomized controlled trials different large population- based cohort studies have shown a lung cancer mortality reduction using chest radiography. In conclusion, early detection of lung cancer is also possible with chest radiography.