Published online Jul 26, 2021. doi: 10.4330/wjc.v13.i7.183
Peer-review started: April 29, 2021
First decision: May 13, 2021
Revised: May 20, 2021
Accepted: July 9, 2021
Article in press: July 9, 2021
Published online: July 26, 2021
Core Tip: Diagnostic methods and treatment of heart failure (HF) are evolving rapidly. Making a firm diagnosis of HF with preserved ejection fraction is a challenge, and although diagnostic algorithms have been recommended further research is needed for better classification. Therapeutic options improve morbidity, mortality, as well as functional status of patients with HF with reduced ejection fraction and the new term - HF with recovered left ventricular ejection fraction is a result of successful therapy. Only a small part of patients with chronic HF participates in cardiac rehabilitation programs. Cardiac rehabilitation in patients with HF is an important part of care and should be implemented as a part of holistic approach because it improves exercise capacity and quality of life, reduces disability and hospitalization rates.