Impact of COVID-19 on presentation, management, and outcomes of acute care surgery for gallbladder disease and acute appendicitis
Orly Nadell Farber, Giselle I Gomez, Ashley L Titan, Andrea T Fisher, Christopher J Puntasecca, Veronica Toro Arana, Arielle Kempinsky, Clare E Wise, Kovi E Bessoff, Mary T Hawn, James R Korndorffer Jr, Joseph D Forrester, Micaela M Esquivel, Department of Surgery, Stanford University School of Medicine, Palo Alto, CA 94305, United States
Author contributions: Esquivel MM, Titan AL, Hawn MT, Bessoff KE, Korndorffer JR Jr, and Forrester JD designed the study; Farber ON, Gomez GI, Fisher AT, Puntasecca CJ, Arana VT, Kempinsky A, Wise CE collected and interpreted the data; Gomez GI and Arana VT performed statistical analyses; Farber ON, Gomez GI, Titan AL, Fisher AT, Puntasecca CJ wrote the manuscript; all authors read and approved the final manuscript.
Institutional review board statement: The study was reviewed and approved by the Stanford University Institutional Review Board, No. 56347.
Informed consent statement: This retrospective chart review study is exempt from requiring informed consent.
Conflict-of-interest statement: There are no conflicts of interest to report.
Data sharing statement: Technical appendix, statistical code, and dataset available from the corresponding author at email@example.com. No additional data are available.
STROBE statement: The authors have read the STROBE Statement—checklist of items, and the manuscript was prepared and revised according to the STROBE Statement—checklist of items.
: This article is an open-access article that was selected by an in-house editor and fully peer-reviewed by external reviewers. It is distributed in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution NonCommercial (CC BY-NC 4.0) license, which permits others to distribute, remix, adapt, build upon this work non-commercially, and license their derivative works on different terms, provided the original work is properly cited and the use is non-commercial. See: http://creativecommons.org/Licenses/by-nc/4.0/
Corresponding author: Micaela M Esquivel, MD, Assistant Professor, Department of Surgery, Stanford University School of Medicine, 900 Blake Wilbur Dr, Palo Alto, CA 94305, United States. firstname.lastname@example.org
Received: April 1, 2021
Peer-review started: April 1, 2021
First decision: May 13, 2021
Revised: May 31, 2021
Accepted: July 9, 2021
Article in press: July 9, 2021
Published online: August 27, 2021