Copyright ©The Author(s) 2015.
World J Diabetes. Feb 15, 2015; 6(1): 167-174
Published online Feb 15, 2015. doi: 10.4239/wjd.v6.i1.167
Table 1 Incidence of complications of pediatric diabetic ketoacidosis
VascularDeep vein thrombosis50% with central venous catheter placement[26,27]
NeurologicalCerebral edema Cerebral venous thrombosis Hemorrhagic or ischemic brain infarction0.5%-1%[11-13] Rare (2 known cases) 10% of intracerebral complications[32]
MusculoskeletalRhabdomyolysisUnavailable; 10% of adults with DKA[43]
RespiratoryPneumomediastinum Pulmonary edemaUnavailable; 50 documented cases over pediatric and adult populations[54,55,58] Unavailable; described in study of 7 pediatric patients with DKA[63]
GastrointestinalPancreatitis GI Bleed2%[67] No documented cases in children; 9% in adults with DKA[74]
NeurologicalMemory dysfunctionUnavailable; described in study of 33 pediatric patients with remote history of DKA[79]