Published online May 15, 2022. doi: 10.4239/wjd.v13.i5.420
Peer-review started: January 19, 2022
First decision: March 11, 2022
Revised: March 12, 2022
Accepted: April 20, 2022
Article in press: April 20, 2022
Published online: May 15, 2022
This letter to editor discusses on the publication on admission hemoglobin level and prognosis of type 2 diabetes mellitus. A comment on published article is raised. The specific confounding conditions on the hemoglobin level are mentioned. Concerns on clinal application are raised and discussed.
Core Tip: This letter to editor discussing on the publication on admission hemoglobin level and prognosis of type 2 diabetes mellitus. Concerns on clinal application are raised and discussed.
- Citation: Sookaromdee P, Wiwanitkit V. Admission hemoglobin level and prognosis of type 2 diabetes mellitus and possible confounding factors: Correspondence. World J Diabetes 2022; 13(5): 420-421
- URL: https://www.wjgnet.com/1948-9358/full/v13/i5/420.htm
- DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.4239/wjd.v13.i5.420
We read with interest a case report on “Association between admission hemoglobin level and prognosis in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus” by Song et al. A retrospective examination of patients diagnosed with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) bet was undertaken. End-stage renal disease or a 50% drop in estimated glomerular filtration rate was the composite outcome. Song et al concluded that Hemoglobin levels and renal damage were found to have a U-shaped connection in T2DM patients. Hemoglobin levels below 13.3 g/dL at admission are an independent indicator of renal injury. This report by Song et al might add some data on application of hemoglobin level in monitoring of diabetic patient. In type 2 diabetes patients, Matsuoka et al found that the duration of hypoglycemia was inversely associated with hemoglobin and hemoglobin A1C levels, and was longer at night than during the day. The kidney issue could be the result of a protracted period of hyperglycemia.
There are many possible confounding conditions on the hemoglobin level. In our setting in Indochina, many local people have a common inherited disorder, thalassemia, that has low hemoglobin level. In these thalassemic patients, renal impairment is also common regardless having diabetes or not. Therefore, the conclusion on association by Song et al might be applicable in some settings, but not all settings, such as our setting in Indochina. This correspondence can provide a novel insight that the application of hemoglobin level as an indicator might be limited in the area with high prevalence confounding hemoglobin disorder problem.
Provenance and peer review: Invited article; Externally peer reviewed.
Peer-review model: Single blind
Specialty type: Endocrinology and metabolism
Country/Territory of origin: Thailand
Peer-review report’s scientific quality classification
Grade A (Excellent): 0
Grade B (Very good): B, B
Grade C (Good): 0
Grade D (Fair): 0
Grade E (Poor): 0
P-Reviewer: Ekine-Afolabi B, United Kingdom; Wan XH, China S-Editor: Zhang H L-Editor: A P-Editor: Zhang H
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