Published online Dec 15, 2018. doi: 10.4239/wjd.v9.i12.226
Peer-review started: August 7, 2018
First decision: October 5, 2018
Revised: October 16, 2018
Accepted: November 15, 2018
Article in press: November 16, 2018
Published online: December 15, 2018
Core tip: Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) management in both type 1 and type 2 has been in practice for many years, yet the complications and cost associated with it is ever increasing. Treatment with proper resource utilization is the key to appropriate management of DKA, decreased complications and length of stay, therefore, decreased cost of treatment. This review aims to review previous guidelines, choice of therapy, cost associated with it and need for amendments to existing protocols to increase efficacy of DKA treatment, decrease complications and decrease economic burden due to mismanagement of DKA.