Published online Sep 15, 2016. doi: 10.4239/wjd.v7.i17.354
Peer-review started: March 30, 2016
First decision: May 17, 2016
Revised: July 2, 2016
Accepted: July 20, 2016
Article in press: July 22, 2016
Published online: September 15, 2016
Core tip: To achieve good metabolic control in diabetes and keep long term, a combination of changes in lifestyle and pharmacological treatment is necessary. Physicians should be familiar with the different types of existing drugs for the treatment of diabetes and select the most effective, safe and better tolerated by patients. This article reviews current and future treatments for patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus, its use in clinical practice and in special situations such as kidney failure and elderly patient, with an emphasis on agents introduced within the last decade.