Published online Jul 25, 2015. doi: 10.4239/wjd.v6.i8.1065
Peer-review started: August 31, 2014
First decision: December 26, 2014
Revised: February 14, 2015
Accepted: April 16, 2015
Article in press: April 20, 2015
Published online: July 25, 2015
Core tip: Gestational diabetes is increasing in prevalence coincidently with the dramatic increase in the prevalence of overweight and obesity in women of childbearing age. Much controversy surrounds the diagnosis and management of gestational diabetes, making it an important subject to discuss as the risk of foetal and maternal complications are increased in gestational diabetes. This review provides an overview of issues related to gestational diabetes, including the challenges of screening and diagnosis, the pathophysiology behind gestational diabetes, the treatment and prevention of gestational diabetes and the long and short term consequences of gestational diabetes for both mother and offspring.