Anjiki H, Kamisawa T, Sanaka M, Ishii T, Kuyama Y. Endoscopic hemostasis techniques for upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage: A review. World J Gastrointest Endosc 2010; 2(2): 54-60
Corresponding Author of This Article
Hajime Anjiki, MD, PhD, Department of Internal Medicine, Tokyo Metropolitan Komagome Hospital, 3-18-22 Honkomagome, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8677, Japan. email@example.com
Article-Type of This Article
Guidelines For Clinical Practice
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Hajime Anjiki, Terumi Kamisawa, Masaki Sanaka, Department of Internal Medicine, Tokyo Metropolitan Komagome Hospital, Tokyo 113-8677, Japan
Taro Ishii, Yasushi Kuyama, Department of Internal Medicine, Teikyo University School of Medicine, Tokyo 173, Japan
Author contributions: Anjiki H wrote the paper and carried out the endoscopy; Kamisawa T and Sanaka M guided the thesis; Ishii T and Kuyama Y carried out the endoscopy.
Correspondence to: Hajime Anjiki, MD, PhD, Department of Internal Medicine, Tokyo Metropolitan Komagome Hospital, 3-18-22 Honkomagome, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8677, Japan. firstname.lastname@example.org
Telephone: +81-3-38232101 Fax: +81-3-38241552
Received: August 19, 2009 Revised: September 12, 2009 Accepted: September 19, 2009 Published online: February 16, 2010
Upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage (UGIH) is an urgent disease that is often encountered in daily medical practice. Endoscopic hemostasis is currently indispensable for the treatment of UGIH. Initially, when UGIH is suspected, a cause of UGIH is presumed from the medical interview and physical findings. After ample primary treatment, urgent endoscopy is performed. Many methods of endoscopic hemostasis are in wide use, including hemoclip, injection and thermo-coagulation methods. Although UGIH develops from a wide variety of diseases, such as esophageal varices and gastric and duodenal ulcer, hemostasis is almost always possible. Identification of the causative diseases, primary treatment and characteristic features of endoscopic hemostasis are needed to allow appropriate treatment.