Published online Mar 18, 2017. doi: 10.4254/wjh.v9.i8.443
Peer-review started: October 17, 2016
First decision: November 14, 2016
Revised: November 29, 2016
Accepted: December 13, 2016
Article in press: December 14, 2016
Published online: March 18, 2017
Core tip: With a meta-analysis of newly published liver biopsy-derived transcriptome datasets we identified multiple key genes and pathways in common and mutually exclusive in alcoholic liver disease (ALD) and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). We provide a compendium of comparative regulation for all KEGG pathways in both diseases and propose a list of biomarkers distinguishing both diseases. One surprising finding was that cholesterol metabolism was up-regulated in NAFLD and down-regulated in ALD although leading to the same steatosis phenotype which might be explained by an insufficient conversion rate to bile acids under both conditions.