Case Report
Copyright ©The Author(s) 2015.
World J Gastroenterol. Mar 21, 2015; 21(11): 3367-3375
Published online Mar 21, 2015. doi: 10.3748/wjg.v21.i11.3367
Table 3 Various diagnostic tests available for Strongyloides stercoralis
TestSensitivity and specificityRemarks
Stool smear30% sensitivity for single stool sample[35]Simple test but insensitive
Agar plate culture90% sensitivity[28]Sensitive and simple
But needs 2 d for results
Health hazard to lab workers
Serologic tests
IFATIFAT: 97% sensitivity and 98% specificity[29]Cross reactivity except with LIPS
ELISAELISA: 93% sensitivity and 95% specificity[30]Inability to differentiate past and current infection
LIPSLIPS: 97% sensitivity and 100% specificity[32]Expensive
Molecular tests
PCRPCR: 99%-100% sensitivity and 15%-100% specificity[34]Low specificity with low parasite burden
LAMPNot widely available