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Copyright ©2014 Baishideng Publishing Group Inc.
World J Gastroenterol. Aug 28, 2014; 20(32): 11216-11229
Published online Aug 28, 2014. doi: 10.3748/wjg.v20.i32.11216
Figure 3
Figure 3 Interaction between pancreatic cancer cells and pancreatic stellate cells. Pancreatic cancer cells stimulate the proliferation, extracellular matrix (ECM) production, angiogenic factors and matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) expression, as well as migration of pancreatic stellate cells (PSCs); conversely PSCs increase proliferation and reduce apoptosis leading to increased survival, increase cancer cell migration and facilitate a cancer stem cell niche. The overall effect of interaction between pancreatic cancer cells and PSCs facilitates cancer progression[43].