Published online Jan 14, 2016. doi: 10.3748/wjg.v22.i2.736
Peer-review started: May 4, 2015
First decision: August 31, 2015
Revised: September 19, 2015
Accepted: October 17, 2015
Article in press: October 20, 2015
Published online: January 14, 2016
Core tip: Single-incision laparoscopic surgery (SILS) has been employed in various fields to minimize traumatic effects. Single-incision laparoscopic cholecystectomy (SILC) has been the most widely studied SILS approach to date. Hundreds of studies on SILC have failed to present conclusive results. Only a small number of studies on single-incision laparoscopic common bile duct exploration (SILCBDE) and single-incision laparoscopic hepaticojejunostomy (SILH) have been published. This paper serves as an updated review of SILC approaches and as the only existing review on SILCBDE and SILH. Our findings underscore the safety and efficacy of SILC, SILCBDE, and SILH and potential benefits and disadvantages of these methods in relation to conventional multi-incision laparoscopic surgery approaches.