Published online Oct 7, 2015. doi: 10.3748/wjg.v21.i37.10644
Peer-review started: March 3, 2015
First decision: March 30, 2015
Revised: April 25, 2015
Accepted: September 2, 2015
Article in press: September 2, 2015
Published online: October 7, 2015
Core tip: Poor eradication rates in Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infected patients have been reported, which was mostly explained by the increased rates of bacterial resistance to antibiotics and a low compliance for those drugs. This situation needs the development of alternative treatment options for the H. pylori infection in patients. The results of recent studies suggest that certain probiotic strains supplemented to standard eradication therapy diminish the frequency of gastrointestinal adverse effects and consequently also increase the eradication rates.