Published online Jul 7, 2015. doi: 10.3748/wjg.v21.i25.7637
Peer-review started: January 27, 2015
First decision: March 10, 2015
Revised: March 20, 2015
Accepted: May 7, 2015
Article in press: May 7, 2015
Published online: July 7, 2015
Core tip: Sarcopenia is one of the most common complications associated with survival in cirrhotic patients. However, the lack of an objective and reliable method to quantify muscle mass has limited the general incorporation of sarcopenia into cirrhosis prognostic scores. In this article, we highlight cross-sectional imaging-based estimation of skeletal muscle mass for diagnosing sarcopenia and assessing the prognosis of cirrhosis patients. In addition, we explore the possibility of incorporating sarcopenia into conventional prognostic scoring systems for better prognostication in cirrhosis patients.