Published online Jan 21, 2014. doi: 10.3748/wjg.v20.i3.654
Revised: November 18, 2013
Accepted: January 2, 2014
Published online: January 21, 2014
Core tip:Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection in pregnancy is not only associated with gastrointestinal disorders such as hyperemesis gravidarum, but also with iron deficiency anemia, fetal malformations, miscarriage, pre-eclampsia and fetal growth restriction. These pregnancy related-disorders are potentially life-threatening for both mother and fetus/neonate. Another important issue that has been addressed in literature was the question of whether it is possible to transmit H. pylori infection from mother to child and whether maternal anti-H. pylori antibodies could prevent infant’s infection. Indeed, if H. pylori is actually a causal factor, the public health implications would be important since the infection is treatable.