Published online May 28, 2014. doi: 10.3748/wjg.v20.i20.6211
Revised: January 10, 2014
Accepted: February 17, 2014
Published online: May 28, 2014
Core tip: Bacterial infections are major causes of morbidity and mortality after liver transplantation. To prevent post-transplant infectious complications, epidemiology, risk factors and clinical characteristics of bacterial infections should be monitored and controlled. Currently, novel threats are arising from multi-drug resistant bacteria and recipients with higher risk for infection are increasing. Despite improved surgical techniques and post-transplant care systems, early diagnosis and appropriate treatment of bacterial infections are vital for successful liver transplantation.