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World J Gastroenterol. May 28, 2014; 20(20): 6201-6210
Published online May 28, 2014. doi: 10.3748/wjg.v20.i20.6201
Multidrug-resistant bacterial infections after liver transplantation: An ever-growing challenge
Guilherme Santoro-Lopes, Erika Ferraz de Gouvêa
Guilherme Santoro-Lopes, Erika Ferraz de Gouvêa, Infectious Diseases Clinic, Hospital Universitário Clementino Fraga Filho, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, RJ-CEP 21941-913, Brazil
Guilherme Santoro-Lopes, Department of Preventive Medicine, School of Medicine, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, RJ-CEP 21941-590, Brazil
Author contributions: Santoro-Lopes G and De Gouvêa EF performed the review of the literature, drafted and defined the content of the manuscript and approved the final version.
Correspondence to: Guilherme Santoro-Lopes, MD, PhD, Infectious Diseases Clinic, Hospital Universitário Clementino Fraga Filho, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Rua Rodolpho Paulo Rocco, 255, Ilha do Fundão, Rio de Janeiro, RJ-CEP 21941-913, Brazil. santorolopes@hucff.ufrj.br
Telephone: +55-21-25622526 Fax: +55-21-22542694
Received: November 1, 2013
Revised: January 30, 2014
Accepted: March 12, 2014
Published online: May 28, 2014
Core Tip

Core tip: Infections caused by multidrug-resistant bacteria have been a growing cause of concern for those involved in the care of solid organ transplant recipients all over the world. The emergence of various pathogens with extensive antibiotic resistance creates a challenging scenario. This article presents an overview of the available epidemiological and clinical data on the most common multidrug-resistant bacterial infections among liver transplant recipients. Currently recommended therapeutic and preventive interventions are also summarized.