Published online Feb 15, 1999. doi: 10.3748/wjg.v5.i1.34
Revised: November 12, 1998
Accepted: November 24, 1998
Published online: February 15, 1999
AIM To investigate the effect of gastroenteric reconstruction on the nutritional status of patients with gastric cancer after total gastrecto-my.
METHODS From 1989-1994, nutritional status was studied in 24 patients, including 12 patients with the gastric reservoir and pyloric sphincter reconstruction (GRPS), 7 with Braun’s esopha-go-jejunostomy (EJ) and 5 with Lawrance’s Roux-en-Y reconstruction (RY). The ability of these patients to ingest and absorb the amount of nutrients was examined and compared, and metabolic balance test was performed to compare the efficiency of those patients to accumu-late and use the absorbed nutrients.
RESULTS In the controlled hospital situation, the amount of food ingested by all the patients was greater than that required for maintenance of ideal body weight. In direct contrast, food in-take in most patients with EJ or RY reconstruction significantly decreased when the patients returned home and that in EJ patients it was the lowest. The overgrowth of anaerobic bacteria was found in the jejunum in the patients with EJ and RY, due mainly to food stasis in the duode-num or in the Roux limb, caused by the operative procedure itself. In patients with GRPS, because of restoring of the alimentary continuity according to the normal digestive physiologic characters, all the nutritional parameters c ould fall in the normal range.
CONCLUSION The most common mechanism responsible for postoperative malnutrition was in-adequate food intake. Having solved the problem of alkaline reflux esophagitis, it is imperative to preserve the duodenal food passage to reduce malabsorption and other complications after total gastrectomy.