Published online Feb 14, 2017. doi: 10.3748/wjg.v23.i6.1010
Peer-review started: September 30, 2016
First decision: October 20, 2016
Revised: November 4, 2016
Accepted: November 23, 2016
Article in press: November 28, 2016
Published online: February 14, 2017
To explore the induction effects and mechanism of Solanum lyratum Thumb (ST) on human hepatocellular carcinoma SMMC-7721 cells through the mitochondrial pathway.
The experiments were conducted on three groups: an experimental group (with ST ethanol extracts’ concentration being 2.5, 5 and 10 mg/L), a negative control group (with only nutrient solution, 0 mg/L ST ethanol extracts), and a positive control group (2.5 mg/L DDP). The inhibition rate of cell proliferation was checked by using the methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium method, and cell apoptosis was tested by TUNEL method. Furthermore, RT-PCR was used to examine mRNA expression of Fas, FasL, caspase-8, caspase-3, p53 and Bcl-2 genes.
Compared with the negative control group, the inhibition and apoptosis rates of the experimental group with different concentrations of ST extracts on human hepatocellular carcinoma SMMC-7721 cells significantly increased (P < 0.05). Besides, the mRNA expression of FasL and Bcl-2 significantly decreased (P < 0.05) while the mRNA expression of Fas, caspase-8, caspase-3 and p53 increased significantly. When compared with the positive control group, the experimental groups with 5 mg/L ST ethanol extracts showed effects similar to the positive control group.
ST ethanol extracts induced the apoptosis of hepatocellular carcinoma SMMC-7721 cells through up-regulated Fas, caspase-8, caspse-3 and p53, and down-regulated FasL and Bcl-2 in the mitochondrial pathway.
Core tip: Chinese herbal medicine has a very good effect on the tumor. Solanum lyratum Thumb (ST) belonging to Solanaceae, is generally used to treat tumors, so it is a commonly used anticancer drug. However, the effects and mechanism of ST on tumor cells are unclear. This experiment verified that ST can induce the apoptosis of hepatocellular carcinoma SMMC-7721 cells; moreover, the apoptosis mechanism was related to the expression of Fas, FasL, caspase-8, caspase-3, p53 and Bcl-2 in the mitochondrial pathway. This result provides powerful evidence of the improved apoptosis effects of ST on hepatocellular carcinoma cells.