Published online Jun 21, 2011. doi: 10.3748/wjg.v17.i23.2867
Revised: January 11, 2011
Accepted: January 18, 2011
Published online: June 21, 2011
AIM: To investigate the efficiency of Cox proportional hazard model in detecting prognostic factors for gastric cancer.
METHODS: We used the log-normal regression model to evaluate prognostic factors in gastric cancer and compared it with the Cox model. Three thousand and eighteen gastric cancer patients who received a gastrectomy between 1980 and 2004 were retrospectively evaluated. Clinic-pathological factors were included in a log-normal model as well as Cox model. The akaike information criterion (AIC) was employed to compare the efficiency of both models. Univariate analysis indicated that age at diagnosis, past history, cancer location, distant metastasis status, surgical curative degree, combined other organ resection, Borrmann type, Lauren’s classification, pT stage, total dissected nodes and pN stage were prognostic factors in both log-normal and Cox models.
RESULTS: In the final multivariate model, age at diagnosis, past history, surgical curative degree, Borrmann type, Lauren’s classification, pT stage, and pN stage were significant prognostic factors in both log-normal and Cox models. However, cancer location, distant metastasis status, and histology types were found to be significant prognostic factors in log-normal results alone. According to AIC, the log-normal model performed better than the Cox proportional hazard model (AIC value: 2534.72 vs 1693.56).
CONCLUSION: It is suggested that the log-normal regression model can be a useful statistical model to evaluate prognostic factors instead of the Cox proportional hazard model.