Published online Jun 21, 2011. doi: 10.3748/wjg.v17.i23.2829
Revised: September 30, 2010
Accepted: October 7, 2010
Published online: June 21, 2011
AIM: To assess whether polymorphisms in NOD2 and ATG16L1 affect cytokine responses and mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis (MAP) survival in monocytes from Crohn’s disease (CD) patients.
METHODS: Monocytes were isolated from peripheral blood of CD patients of known genotype for common single nucleotide polymorphisms of NOD2 and ATG16L1. Monocytes were challenged with MAP and bacterial persistence assessed at subsequent time-points. Cytokine responses were assayed using a Milliplex multi-analyte profiling assay for 13 cytokines.
RESULTS: Monocytes heterozygous for a NOD2 polymorphism (R702W, P268S, or 1007fs) were more permissive for growth of MAP (P = 0.045) than those without. There was no effect of NOD2 genotype on subsequent cytokine expression. The T300A polymorphism of ATG16L1 did not affect growth of MAP in our model (P = 0.175), but did increase expression of cytokines interleukin (IL)-10 (P = 0.047) and IL-6 (P = 0.019).
CONCLUSION: CD-associated polymorphisms affected the elimination of MAP from ex vivo monocytes (NOD2), or expression of certain cytokines (ATG16L1), implying independent but contributory roles in the pathogenesis of CD.