Published online Apr 28, 2009. doi: 10.3748/wjg.15.1966
Revised: January 19, 2009
Accepted: January 26, 2009
Published online: April 28, 2009
AIM: To synthesize antisense oligonucleotides (ASODNs) of midkine (MK), package the ASODNs with nanoparticles, and to inhibit hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) growth using these nanoparticles.
METHODS: HepG2 cell proliferation was analyzed in vitro using the 3-(4,5-dimethythiazol-2-yl)-5-(3-carboxymethoxyphenyl)-2-(4-sulfophenyl)-2Htetrazolium, inner salt assay. The in vivo activity of nanoparticles delivering the MK-ASODNs was analyzed by histopathological and immunohistochemical staining and quantitative real time polymerase chain reaction (PCR).
RESULTS: The in vitro proliferation of HepG2 cells was significantly inhibited by the nanoparticles packaged with MK-ASODNs (NANO-ASODNs). Furthermore, the NANO-ASODNs significantly inhibited the growth of HCC in the mouse model.
CONCLUSION: NANO-ASODNs can significantly suppress the growth of HCC in vitro and in vivo.