Published online Jun 7, 2008. doi: 10.3748/wjg.14.3403
Revised: February 25, 2008
Accepted: March 4, 2008
Published online: June 7, 2008
High soft tissue contrast resolution, acquisition of multi-planar images and the possibility to obtain functional information make magnetic resonance an interesting imaging technique to evaluate the small bowel disease. The absence of ionizing radiation is an important feature of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) examinations because inflammatory diseases such as Crohn’s disease (CD) are studied most frequently, which are prevalent among children and young adults. MRI, using modern equipment and a rigorous technical approach, can offer detailed morphologic information and functional data on the small bowel. This article discusses the MRI protocols for small bowel and the MR imaging findings of small bowel diseases, such as CD and small bowel neoplasms.