Published online Nov 21, 2005. doi: 10.3748/wjg.v11.i43.6888
Revised: April 23, 2005
Accepted: April 26, 2005
Published online: November 21, 2005
We report a case of secondary pouchitis, defined as a mucosal inflammatory lesion in the ileal reservoir provoked by pouch-related complication following total colectomy and pouch anal anastomosis, which was successfully treated by salvage surgery. A 20-year-old woman with ulcerative colitis developed acute severe bloody diarrhea following proctocolectomy, ileal pouch-anal anastomosis and diverting ileostomy. She was diagnosed as having a secondary pouchitis mainly caused by a peripouch abscess and partly concerned with the abnormal pouch formation. The remnant rectum and ileal pouch were excised and ileal pouch-anal anastomosis and diverting ileostomy were constructed. The postoperative course was uneventful with no sign of pouchitis. Salvage surgery may be indicated to treat secondary pouchitis when caused by surgery-related complications.