Published online Jun 28, 2021. doi: 10.35712/aig.v2.i3.69
Peer-review started: January 27, 2021
First decision: March 29, 2021
Revised: April 9, 2021
Accepted: June 4, 2021
Article in press: June 4, 2021
Published online: June 28, 2021
Artificial intelligence (AI) applications are growing in medicine. It is important to understand the current state of the AI applications prior to utilizing in disease research and treatment. In this review, AI application in the diagnosis and treatment of gastrointestinal diseases are studied and summarized. In most cases, AI studies had large amounts of data, including images, to learn to distinguish disease characteristics according to a human’s perspectives. The detailed pros and cons of utilizing AI approaches should be investigated in advance to ensure the safe application of AI in medicine. Evidence suggests that the collaborative usage of AI in both diagnosis and treatment of diseases will increase the precision and effectiveness of medicine. Recent progress in genome technology such as genome editing provides a specific example where AI has revealed the diagnostic and therapeutic possibilities of RNA detection and targeting.
Core Tip: The application of artificial intelligence (AI) in the diagnosis and treatment of disease is a promising approach in medicine. The application of AI approaches in gastrointestinal diseases is summarized and reviewed. AI holds great promise in medicine, but to safely and efficiently apply AI in medicine, the advantages and limitations should first be carefully considered.