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World J Nephrol. Mar 6, 2018; 7(2): 58-64
Published online Mar 6, 2018. doi: 10.5527/wjn.v7.i2.58
Diabetic muscle infarction in end-stage renal disease: A scoping review on epidemiology, diagnosis and treatment
Tuck Yean Yong, Kareeann Sok Fun Khow
Tuck Yean Yong, Internal Medicine, Flinders Private Hospital, Bedford Park, SA 5042, Australia
Kareeann Sok Fun Khow, Geriatric Training Research and Aged Care Centre, The University of Adelaide, Paradise, SA 5075, Australia
Author contributions: Yong TY and Khow KSF designed the study, performed the research and wrote the paper.
Conflict-of-interest statement: The authors have no financial relationships to disclose.
Open-Access: This article is an open-access article which was selected by an in-house editor and fully peer-reviewed by external reviewers. It is distributed in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial (CC BY-NC 4.0) license, which permits others to distribute, remix, adapt, build upon this work non-commercially, and license their derivative works on different terms, provided the original work is properly cited and the use is non-commercial. See: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/
Correspondence to: Dr. Tuck Yean Yong, FRACP, MBBS, Consultant Physician, Internal Medicine, Flinders Private Hospital, Flinders Drive, Bedford Park, SA 5042, Australia. tyyong@hotmail.com
Telephone: +61-8-82412121 Fax: +61-8-82400879
Received: November 9, 2017
Peer-review started: November 10, 2017
First decision: December 13, 2017
Revised: December 25, 2017
Accepted: January 23, 2018
Article in press: January 23, 2018
Published online: March 6, 2018
Core Tip

Core tip: Diabetic muscle infarction (DMI) is an uncommon complication in patients with end-stage renal disease, including kidney transplant recipients. Early recognition of DMI is vital to initiation of prompt treatment. Magnetic resonance imaging is the investigation of choice for diagnosing DMI. Non-surgical treatment involving analgesia, optimization of glycemic control and initial bed rest appears to improve recovery rate. However, recurrence of DMI is relatively common.