Copyright ©The Author(s) 2015. Published by Baishideng Publishing Group Inc. All rights reserved.
World J Nephrol. May 6, 2015; 4(2): 271-276
Published online May 6, 2015. doi: 10.5527/wjn.v4.i2.271
Effect of urinary stone disease and its treatment on renal function
Necmettin Mercimek Mehmet, Ozden Ender
Necmettin Mercimek Mehmet, Department of Urology, Gaziantep Sani Konukoglu Hospital, Sehitkamil, 27090 Gaziantep, Turkey
Ozden Ender, Department of Urology, Ondokuz Mayis University Faculty of Medicine, Kurupelit, 55210 Samsun, Turkey
Author contributions: Mehmet NM and Ender O contributed equally to this work, generated the tables and wrote the manuscript; also, Ender O designed the aim of the editorial and wrote the manuscript.
Conflict-of-interest: The authors have no relation with the companies and products mentioned in this study and authors declare nothing to disclose.
Open-Access: This article is an open-access article which was selected by an in-house editor and fully peer-reviewed by external reviewers. It is distributed in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial (CC BY-NC 4.0) license, which permits others to distribute, remix, adapt, build upon this work non-commercially, and license their derivative works on different terms, provided the original work is properly cited and the use is non-commercial. See:
Correspondence to: Ozden Ender, MD, FEBU, Associate Professor, Department of Urology, Ondokuz Mayis University Faculty of Medicine, Kurupelit, 55210 Samsun, Turkey.
Telephone: +90-0532-4467976
Received: August 15, 2014
Peer-review started: August 15, 2014
First decision: November 3, 2014
Revised: December 10, 2014
Accepted: December 29, 2014
Article in press: December 31, 2014
Published online: May 6, 2015

Urolithiasis is a common disease that affects urinary tract in all age groups. Both in adults and in children, stone size, location, renal anatomy, and other factors, can influence the success of treatment modalities. Recently, there has been a great advancement in technology for minimally invasive management of urinary stones. The epoch of open treatment modalities has passed and currently there are much less invasive treatment approaches, such as percutaneous nephrolithotomy, ureteroscopy, shockwave lithotripsy, and retrograde internal Surgery. Furthermore, advancement in imaging technics ensures substantial knowledge that permit physician to decide the most convenient treatment method for the patient. Thus, effective and rapid treatment of urinary tract stones is substantial for the preservation of the renal function. In this review, the effects of the treatment options for urinary stones on renal function have been reviewed.

Keywords: Kidney stones, Chronic kidney disease, Estimated glomerular filtration rate, Renal function, Urinary stone disease

Core tip: In this article, urinary stone disease, treatment options and its effects on renal function are examined. Moreover, in the light of recent publications, effect of treatment options on functional state of the kidney in patients with renal impairment is investigated.