Genotyping and pathotyping of diversified strains of infectious bronchitis viruses circulating in Egypt
Ali Zanaty, Abdel-Satar Arafa, Naglaa Hagag, Reference Laboratory for Veterinary Quality Control on Poultry Production, Animal Health Research Institute, Giza 12618, Egypt
Magdy El-Kady, Department of Poultry Diseases, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Beni-Suef University, Beni-Suef 62511, Egypt
Author contributions: The study was designed by Arafa AS and El-Kady M; data were collected and analyzed by Zanaty A; Arafa AS and Hagag N; data interpretation and manuscript preparation were undertaken by Zanaty A and Arafa AS.
Institutional review board statement: The study was reviewed and approved by Reference Laboratory for Veterinary Quality Control on Poultry Production, Animal Health Research Institute.
Institutional animal care and use committee statement: All procedures involving animals were reviewed and approved by the Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee of the Reference Laboratory for Veterinary Quality Control on Poultry Production, Animal Health Research Institute.
Conflict-of-interest statement: All authors declared that there is no potential conflict of interests regarding this article.
Open-Access: This article is an open-access article which was selected by an in-house editor and fully peer-reviewed by external reviewers. It is distributed in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial (CC BY-NC 4.0) license, which permits others to distribute, remix, adapt, build upon this work non-commercially, and license their derivative works on different terms, provided the original work is properly cited and the use is non-commercial. See: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/
Correspondence to: Abdel-Satar Arafa, PhD, Reference Laboratory for Veterinary Quality Control on Poultry Production, Animal Health Research Institute, P.O. Box 264-Dokki, Giza 12618, Egypt. firstname.lastname@example.org
Telephone: +20-3-3380121 Fax: +20-3-3370957
Received: March 15, 2016
Peer-review started: March 17, 2016
First decision: April 18, 2016
Revised: May 26, 2016
Accepted: July 11, 2016
Article in press: July 13, 2016
Published online: August 12, 2016