Published online May 12, 2016. doi: 10.5501/wjv.v5.i2.73
Peer-review started: January 12, 2016
First decision: February 2, 2016
Revised: March 14, 2016
Accepted: April 5, 2016
Article in press: April 6, 2016
Published online: May 12, 2016
Core tip: For early infant diagnosis of human immunodeficiency virus, the samples of choice are dried blood spots (DBS). DBS samples are received from over 100 health care centers at the Asokoro Laboratory Training Centre. When DBS arrives the laboratory, a technician receives the samples as well as all accompanying laboratory request forms and all relevant documentation. All routinely collected DBS samples are physically examined for quality and acceptability for molecular testing upon reception at the laboratory. Only samples that meet the laboratory acceptance criteria are usually tested. Samples which fail to meet the acceptance criteria are registered in the sample rejection logbook without being tested. All DBS samples accepted as fit-for-testing are electronically registered into the laboratory information management system (LIMS). The use of the LIMS reduces instances of transcriptional errors. DBS samples are processed using real-time PCR technology on the Cobas Taqman and Cobas ampliprep equipment. DBS samples are cut, eluted into solution, and then placed in the equipment where DNA extraction, amplification and detection is automatically carried out. Once results are ready, they are validated by the laboratory scientist for accuracy and completeness. If assay is judged to be a valid run, the assay is accepted with a click of a computer button.