Case Report
Copyright ©The Author(s) 2017. Published by Baishideng Publishing Group Inc. All rights reserved.
World J Transplant. Jun 24, 2017; 7(3): 213-221
Published online Jun 24, 2017. doi: 10.5500/wjt.v7.i3.213
Tuberculosis in kidney transplant recipients: A case series
Manish Anand, Ekta Nayyar, Beatrice Concepcion, Megha Salani, Heidi Schaefer
Manish Anand, Department of Medicine, Division of Nephrology, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH 45221, United States
Ekta Nayyar, Trihealth Infectious Disease, Good Samaritan Hospital, Cincinnati, OH 45220, United States
Beatrice Concepcion, Megha Salani, Heidi Schaefer, Department of Medicine, Division of Nephrology, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37232, United States
Author contributions: All authors contributed to the acquisition of data, drafting the article, and making critical revisions related to the content of the manuscript.
Institutional review board statement: This case report was exempt from Institutional Review Board Standards at Vanderbilt University at Nashville.
Conflict-of-interest statement: The authors of this manuscript have no conflicts of interest to disclose.
Open-Access: This article is an open-access article which was selected by an in-house editor and fully peer-reviewed by external reviewers. It is distributed in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial (CC BY-NC 4.0) license, which permits others to distribute, remix, adapt, build upon this work non-commercially, and license their derivative works on different terms, provided the original work is properly cited and the use is non-commercial. See:
Correspondence to: Heidi Schaefer, MD, Associate Professor of Medicine, Department of Medicine, Division of Nephrology, Vanderbilt University, 1161 21st Avenue South, Nashville, TN 37232, United States.
Telephone: +1-615-3226976 Fax: +1-615-9360695
Received: October 25, 2016
Peer-review started: October 28, 2016
First decision: December 1, 2016
Revised: January 14, 2017
Accepted: April 23, 2017
Article in press: April 24, 2017
Published online: June 24, 2017
Core Tip

Core tip: Tuberculosis is a largely preventable and curable disease that should be suspected in all solid organ transplant recipients who present with unexplained fevers, pulmonary or extra-pulmonary symptoms. This case report describes the varied presentations of tuberculosis in kidney transplant recipients and provides the most recent recommendations regarding diagnosis and treatment.