Published online Jul 18, 2021. doi: 10.5500/wjt.v11.i7.290
Peer-review started: March 4, 2021
First decision: March 31, 2021
Revised: April 13, 2021
Accepted: May 25, 2021
Article in press: May 25, 2021
Published online: July 18, 2021
Core Tip: Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is the most used support in lung transplantation as it allows a complete spectrum of support (blood oxygenation, decarboxylation and cardiocirculatory support). Due to its versatility it can be used in a pre-operative setting (bridge to transplantation) and might be prolonged intra- and/or post-operatively. All these factors, in combination with a growing experience in its use in lung transplantation, usually in a multidisciplinary team, has resulted in good outcomes derived from several experiences reported in the literature by high-volume transplant centers. This paper aims to systematically review current evidence on pre, intra and post-operative ECMO in lung transplantation.