Published online Jul 29, 2020. doi: 10.5500/wjt.v10.i7.183
Peer-review started: March 24, 2020
First decision: April 22, 2020
Revised: May 28, 2020
Accepted: July 1, 2020
Article in press: July 1, 2020
Published online: July 29, 2020
Core tip: Cytomegalovirus (CMV) is the most common infection in the liver transplant population directly affecting posttransplant outcomes through its direct and indirect effects. The donor and recipient’s CMV serostatus represent the most important factor to determine CMV posttransplant risk, and the need for prophylaxis. Herein, we discuss and summarize the most current CMV preventive, diagnostic, and therapeutic strategies in this vulnerable cohort of patients.