Published online Jul 12, 2015. doi: 10.5499/wjr.v5.i2.90
Peer-review started: June 29, 2014
First decision: November 27, 2014
Revised: December 5, 2014
Accepted: March 16, 2015
Article in press: March 18, 2015
Published online: July 12, 2015
Core tip: The trapeziometacarpal joint is a common region in the body, where osteoarthritis is encountered, especially in the postmenopausal women. Although the exact etiology is not still certain, ligamentous laxity is a common finding in most of the cases. Regarding to the existing literature, the most commonly used treatment methods are conservative measures and trapeziectomy with ligament reconstruction tendon interposition. Moreover newer treatment methods have emerged in the recent years. In conclusion, if long-term prospective, randomized, comparative studies are performed, there will be an appropriate answer to choose the optimal treatment methods for each stage of rhizarthrosis.