Copyright ©The Author(s) 2022.
World J Psychiatry. Jan 19, 2022; 12(1): 1-23
Published online Jan 19, 2022. doi: 10.5498/wjp.v12.i1.1
Table 1 Measurement tools for agression
Name of the questionnaire
Year of development
Method of rating
Dynamic Appraisal of Situational Aggression–Inpatient Version[254]2006Observation7 (negative attitudes, impulsivity, irritability, verbal threats, sensitive to perceived provocation, easily angered when requests are denied, and unwillingness to follow directions)0-7
Historical, clinical, risk management: 20 factors[256]2013Observation20 (historical (H) scale consists of 10 items; clinical (C) scale consists of 5 items; risk management (R) scale consists of 5 items)0-40
Brøset Violence Checklist[260]2000Observation6 (confusion, irritability, boisterousness, physical threats, verbal threats, and attacks on objects)0-6
Staff Observation Aggression Scale-Revised[262]1999Observation5 (observed provocation, means used by patient, aim of aggression, consequences, and immediate measures taken by nurses)0-22
Modified Overt Aggression Scale[264]1989Observation4 (verbal aggression and aggression against property, self, and others)0-40
Buss–Durkee Hostility Inventory[269]1957Self-rating75 (7 subscales: assault or direct physical violence against others; indirect hostility; irritability or explosiveness; negativism; resentment, anger, jealousy; mistrust; and verbal aggression)0-66 total hostility score; 0-9 guilt score
Aggression Questionnaire[272]2000Self-rating34 (5 subscales: physical aggression; verbal aggression; anger; and hostility; indirect aggression)34-170 (5-point Likert scale)
State–Trait Anger Expression Inventory 2[274]1999Self-rating57 (contains 6 scales: state anger; trait anger; anger expression-out; anger expression-in; anger control-out; anger control-in and 5 subscales: state anger/feeling, state anger/verbal, state anger/physical, trait anger/temperament, and trait anger/reaction, and an anger expression index)57-228 (4-point Likert scale)