Case Report
Copyright ©The Author(s) 2015. Published by Baishideng Publishing Group Inc. All rights reserved.
World J Clin Infect Dis. Feb 25, 2015; 5(1): 11-13
Published online Feb 25, 2015. doi: 10.5495/wjcid.v5.i1.11
Non chylous filarial ascites: A rare case report
Kaivan S Shah, Prasad A Bhate, Dattatray Solanke, Vikas Pandey, Meghraj A Ingle, Shubhada V Kane, Prabha Sawant
Kaivan S Shah, Prasad A Bhate, Dattatray Solanke, Vikas Pandey, Meghraj A Ingle, Shubhada V Kane, Prabha Sawant, Department Of Gastroenterology, LTMMC and LTMGH, Sion Hospital, Sion West, Mumbai 400022, India
Author contributions: Shah KS and Bhate PA designed the case and wrote the paper; Solanke D and Pandey V collected clinical data; case report was guided by Ingle MA and Sawant P; cytological examination was performed by Kane SV.
Ethics approval: The ethics committee functions as per ICH-GCO, schedule Y guidelines.
Informed consent: The patient is not revealed.
Conflict-of-interest: All the authors of thia case report state that there is no conflict of interest involved.
Open-Access: This article is an open-access article which was selected by an in-house editor and fully peer-reviewed by external reviewers. It is distributed in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial (CC BY-NC 4.0) license, which permits others to distribute, remix, adapt, build upon this work non-commercially, and license their derivative works on different terms, provided the original work is properly cited and the use is non-commercial. See:
Correspondence to: Dr. Kaivan S Shah, MD, Department of Gastroenterology, LTMMC and LTMG, Sion Hospital, College Building, First Floor Endoscopy Room, Room No. 13, Sion West, Mumbai 400022, India.
Telephone: +91-98-33622433 Fax: +91-22-24076100
Received: August 22, 2014
Peer-review started: August 23, 2014
First decision: October 5, 2014
Revised: November 18, 2014
Accepted: December 16, 2014
Article in press: December 17, 2014
Published online: February 25, 2015

Filariasis is a common health problem in tropical and subtropical regions including India. It commonly presents with lymphatic involvement in form of nonpitting pedal edema, chylous ascites, chyluria, hydrocele and lymphocele. Detection of microfilaria in ascitic fluid is an extremely uncommon finding. We present a case of non chylous ascites where microfilaria were detected in the ascitic fluid.

Keywords: Microfilaria, Postpartum ascites, Non chylous ascites

Core tip: We report a rare case of postpartum ascites caused by filarial infection. There are only a few case reports where microfilaria were detected in ascitic fluid; among these, non chylous ascitis is even rarer.