Systematic Reviews
Copyright ©The Author(s) 2020.
World J Crit Care Med. Dec 18, 2020; 9(5): 88-98
Published online Dec 18, 2020. doi: 10.5492/wjccm.v9.i5.88
Table 1 Trial characteristics
Inclusion criteria
Exclusion criteria
Interventions (number of patients)
Age (yr)
Main outcomes
EI Adawy et al[25], 2015Severe sepsis diagnosed within 72 h and septic shock diagnosed within 24 h from the time of giving norepinephrine dose of greater than or equal to 0.2 µg/kg per minute, which is required to maintain the mean arterial pressure between 70 and 90 mmHg(1) Pregnant females; (2) Patients sensitive to Methylene blue or vasopressin; (3) Patients with known G6PD deficiency; (4) Age less than 18 yr; (5) Vasospastic diathesis (e.g., Raynaud’s syndrome); (6) Coronary artery disease; and (7) Patients receiving mono amine oxidase inhibitors Methylene blue (20); vasopressin (20)55.3 ± 20.9; 59.4 ± 14.5ICU length of stay; mean arterial pressure; central venous pressure; pulmonary artery pressure
Cheng et al[23], 2018Patients with age more than 18 yr, who had left ventricular ejection fraction ≤ 35%, left ventricular end-diastolic diameter ≥ 60 mm, and New York Heart Association ≥ III), and developing postoperative vasoplegic shock (mean arterial pressure < 65 mmHg resistant to fluid challenge and cardiac index > 2.20 L/min per meter squared)(1) Patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; and (2) Adult congenital heart diseaseNorepinephrine (938); vasopressin (218)59.43 ± 11.07; 59.25 ± 12.7330-d mortality; mechanical ventilation more than 48 h; cardiac reoperation; postoperative extracorporeal membrane oxygenation; stroke; acute kidney injury stage II/III; infection; septic shock; atrial fibrillation; ventricular arrhythmias
Hajjar et al[24], 2017All adult (more than 18 yr of age) patients who were scheduled for coronary artery bypass graft surgery, valve replacement, or repair surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass who required vasopressor drugs for vasodilatory shock within 48 h after coronary artery bypass surgery weaning(1) Aortic surgery; (2) Heart transplantation; (3) Preoperative use of vasopressor therapy; (4) Presence of a ventricular assist device other than an intra-aortic balloon pump; (5) Severe hyponatremia (< 130 mEq/L); (6) Acute coronary syndrome; (7) Acute mesenteric ischemia; (8) History of Raynaud disease; (9) Pregnancy; and (10) NeoplasmNorepinephrine (151); vasopressin (149)55 ± 13; 54 ± 14Days alive and free of organ dysfunction at 28 d; stroke; acute renal failure; 30 d incidence of infection, septic shock, arrhythmias (atrial fibrillation and ventricular arrhythmias); duration of mechanical ventilation; changes in hemodynamic variables; the use of dobutamine or other vasoactive agents); incidence of digital ischemia; acute mesenteric ischemia; acute myocardial; infarction; ICU and hospital lengths of stay