Published online Mar 28, 2014. doi: 10.5412/wjsp.v4.i1.13
Revised: December 19, 2013
Accepted: February 16, 2014
Published online: March 28, 2014
Core tip: Diagnosis and treatment of alveolar echinococcosis remains a challenge for clinicians. Most patients suffering from a chronic carrier status need continuous medical treatment and follow-up examinations. Diagnosis of alveolar echinococcosis is supported by results from imaging studies, histopathology and/or serological analyses. The present review summarizes current understanding of imaging features and knowledge of interventional procedures.