Retrospective Study
Copyright ©The Author(s) 2019. Published by Baishideng Publishing Group Inc. All rights reserved.
World J Clin Urol. Mar 12, 2019; 8(1): 1-8
Published online Mar 12, 2019. doi: 10.5410/wjcu.v8.i1.1
Prostate resection speed: A key factor for training and broad outcomes?
Jack Donati-Bourne, Shahd Nour, Emiliya Angova, George Delves
Jack Donati-Bourne, Shahd Nour, Emiliya Angova, George Delves, Department of Urology, Queen’s Hospital Burton NHS Foundation Trust, Burton-on-Trent DE13 0RB, United Kingdom
Author contributions: Donati-Bourne J conceived the study, data collection, data analysis, drafted first and final manuscript; Nour S participated in data collection, data analysis and drafted first manuscript; Angova E participated in data collection, data analysis and drafted first manuscript; Delves G participated in data analysis, review of draft and final manuscript.
Institutional review board statement: Ethics approval from the Queen’s Hospital Burton NHS Foundation Trust was not required for this study, due to retrospective observational study design.
Informed consent statement: Retrospective observational study design with no identifiable patient data, therefore consent not required for conduct of study.
Data sharing statement: There is no additional data available.
Open-Access: This article is an open-access article which was selected by an in-house editor and fully peer-reviewed by external reviewers. It is distributed in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial (CC BY-NC 4.0) license, which permits others to distribute, remix, adapt, build upon this work non-commercially, and license their derivative works on different terms, provided the original work is properly cited and the use is non-commercial. See:
Corresponding author: Jack Donati-Bourne, MBChB, MSc, Surgeon, Department of Urology, Queen’s Hospital Burton NHS Foundation Trust, 81 Ravenhurst Road, Burton-on-Trent DE13 0RB, United Kingdom.
Telephone: +44-01283-566333
Received: September 24, 2018
Peer-review started: September 25, 2018
First decision: November 20, 2018
Revised: November 22, 2018
Accepted: January 21, 2019
Article in press: January 22, 2019
Published online: March 12, 2019

Trans-urethral resection of prostate (TURP) is one of the most commonly performed operations in urology to treat bladder outflow obstruction (BOO) in men. TURP surgery is also a key for endo-urological training in the British National Health Service (NHS) for training junior urologists. The working hypothesis is that prostate resection speed (PRS) in the context of bipolar TURP surgery, is not a key factor in major complication rates or broad patient outcomes at 3 mo after surgery, and therefore supervising consultants should not focus primarily on resection speed when teaching TURP.


To investigate objective differences in consultants vs trainees PRS and whether PRS affected complication rates/outcomes after TURP.


Retrospective descriptive study analyzing patient case-notes, operative and electronic records, study undertaken at Burton Queen’s Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, United Kingdom, a secondary care centre in the public sector of the NHS. Participants included: all Bipolar TURPs undertaken between 13/04/2016 and 27/06/2017. Exclusions: patients undergoing concomitant operations or where intra-operative equipment problems occurred. Resected prostate (g), operative time, post-operative complications and outcomes at 3-mo were obtained from electronic records. Clavien-Dindo Grade II complications or above considered significant. Binary successful yes/no outcome at 3-mo after surgery included both patients who reported moderate to significant symptom improvement, or being catheter-free for those catheterized before TURP.


157 patients were identified. After exclusion a total of 125 patients were included from analysis. The mean PRS for trainees (0.34 g/min) was found to be lower than the mean PRS for consultants (0.41 g/min). The operating urologist’s PRS was not observed to be related to the number of TURPs that they performed during the period of the study. The trainee vs consultant means post-operative success rates (86.5% vs 90.5%) were comparable. The Trainees’ patients did not suffer any significant complications as defined by the study. There was no clear relationship observed between PRS and the rate of significant post-operative complications or patients’ 3-mo binary successful outcome. PRS was noted to increase with increasing intra-operative experience for both Trainees 1 and 2 when comparing the first half of their TURPs to their latter half.


Consultants have a higher PRS in comparison to trainees. There is no trend between PRS and significant post-operative complication rates or 3-mo outcomes.

Keywords: Prostate, Resection, Trans-urethral resection of prostate, Training, Speed

Core tip: Transurethral resection of prostate (TURP) is a common operation for treating bladder outflow obstruction. Prolonged intra-operative resection time is reported to increase complication rates. This study aimed to assess for objective differences in consultants vs trainees prostate resection speed (PRS) and whether differences in PRS affected complication rates and broad patient outcomes after TURP. The study found higher PRS for consultants however no difference in serious complications or broad patient outcomes. The authors therefore recommend that consultant urologists should not primarily focus on their trainee’s PRS when training them in TURP surgery.