Published online Feb 8, 2014. doi: 10.5409/wjcp.v3.i1.1
Revised: December 27, 2013
Accepted: January 17, 2014
Published online: February 8, 2014
Core tip: The incidence of stone disease has been increasing and the risk of recurrent stone formation is high in a pediatric population. In recent years, endourological management of pediatric urinary stone disease is preferred in many centers with increasing experience in endourological techniques and decreasing sizes of surgical equipment. The management of pediatric stone disease has evolved with improvements in the technique and a decrease in the size of surgical instruments. Recently, endoscopic methods have been safely and effectively used in children with minor complications. In this review, we aim to summarize the recent management of urolithiasis in children.